Inchinnan I

Inchienun—Inchenane—Inchinan. [ Regist. de Passelet. Fordun. Chalmers says this parish was also named Killinan. He was misled by finding that name in Baiamund’s Roll, where it stands, not for this parish however, but for Killelan.]

This parish forms part of the northern bank of Strathgryfe, and extends to the Clyde on its north-eastern border.

The church of Inchinan appears to have been very ancient. Fordun tells us that Saint Convallus was one of the chief disciples of Saint Kentigern, that he was famous for his virtues and his miracles, and that his bones lie buried at Inchenane, five miles distant from Glasgow. [III. 29.] Boece adds, that his remains, in a stately monument at Inchennan, were held in great veneration by the Christian people even to his day. [Lib. ix.]

When Walter Fitz-Alan, the steward of Scotland, gave the other churches of Strathgryfe to the monks of Paisley, he expressly excepted the church of Inchinan, [Regist. de Passelet, p. 5.] which had been bestowed previously by David I. upon the Knights Templars. On their suppression, in 1312, it passed into the hands of the Knights of Saint John. The rectorial tithes were administered by the house of Torphichen, and the cure appears to have been served by a vicar down to the period of the Reformation.

The ancient church, which was situated where the present one stands, near the confluence of the Gryfe and Cart, was taken down only in 1828. It was regarded as having been built in 1100. Its area was fifty feet by eighteen. When its floor was dug up, it was found literally paved with skulls. Four old tombstones, apparently old stone coffins with ridged tops, are still called by the country people ‘the Templar’s graves’.

There was an endowed altar, dedicated to the Virgin, within the church; [Ch. in N. Statist. Ac.] part of its endowment was an acre still called Lady's acre, the superiority of which is still in the incumbent of the parish. [Chalmers.]

The parsonage or rectorial tithes of Inchinnan, sometime before the Reformation, were let to the laird of Crookstoun, and had been in use to pay but £20 yearly. [Regist. de Torphich. in N. Statist.] The Libellus Tax. Reg. Scotie values it at £26, 13s. 4d. The rental of the vicarage, pertaining to Sir Bernard Peblis, with all profits and duties, was given up at the Reformation, for the assumption of the thirds of benefices, at three score pounds. [Rental of Assumptions. Compt. of Col. Gen.]

The Templars had considerable grants of lands in Inchinnan. Sir James Sempil of Beltrees, who acquired them from the first Lord Torphichen, was seized ‘in the temple lands and tenement within the barony of Renfrew, united into the tenandry of Greenend’. [Inqu. Retor. 67.]